Energy poverty, or the lack of access to modern energy services, is a significant global development challenge. Modern energy services facilitate economic activity and the delivery of key public services, including health, education and infrastructure services. Clean cooking technologies reduce the incidence of respiratory disease and enable women and children to spend less time searching for fuel wood. The Sustainable Development Goals recognise the importance of energy for development. Goal seven aims to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy services for all.
Research on energy for development at ANU is undertaken in a number of Colleges, and is often of an interdisciplinary nature. The Crawford School of Public Policy is home to expertise on the relationship between energy and economic growth and development. Through the Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, research is undertaken on energy consumption, subsidisation, energy access and on renewable energy development - particularly in Indonesia. The Development Policy Centre undertakes similar research in the Pacific islands. Another focus of research across the University relates to energy consumption by the poor and the design of programs aimed at expanding access to modern energy services. Research on this topic is ongoing at the Fenner School for Environment (with an Africa focus) and the Crawford School (with a Pacific focus). The ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science also has an interest in design of appropriate technology for expanding access to modern energy services.
- Relationship between energy, economic growth and development
- The impact of policy and regulatory frameworks on energy consumption and development
- Energy consumption among the poor and the design of energy access programs
- Role of renewable energy in development.